All our cells, tissues and organs age in time.Skin is the organ which shows us these ageing effects the most.
There are two types of skin ageing:
- Is the inner ageing detected through genetic factor
It is the ageing passed from the parents and cannot be altered.The rate differs for everyone and for that reason, we can see a different skin ageing in two people of the same age.2. Outter ageing due to environmental factors
This type of ageing in the skin is caused by harmful environmental factors and it hastens the normal process of ageing.
The biggest factors in environmental ageing is sun rays (photo-ageing).The sun disrupts the collogen in the skin, causing spots and skin cancer.
Smoking, bad diet, drugs, improper use of cosmetics, alcohol and substance abuse, stress, hormonal disorders, metabolic and systemic diseases are also among the factors which hasten ageing.This type of ageing can be prevented by taking measures.
If you like to observe the difference between the two types of ageing, compare your hands to your usually covered skin. The ageing in the covered region show the inner ageing while the ageing in the uncovered region show environmental ageing. Inner ageing make up 20% of the ageing process while environmental factor related outter ageing is 80% of the process.
If we know how the skin ages we can know how to prevent and fix it.
Old cells on the upper layer of the skin grow old and fall in time.The younger cells from deeper replace them, and this cycle happens once a month on average.This cycle slows down with ageing.Old cells are not renewed and does not fall, the skin looks rough, coarse and dry.
The deeper layer of the skin is made up of hyaluronic acid, collogen and elastin fibres. These help the skin be firm, tight and elastic, and due to ageing, the number of collogen and elastic fibres decrease and their structures are broken.The skin sags, thins out and wrinkles appear.
In the deeper layer underneath the skin there is a layer of fat tissue.In time, the volume of the fat tissue also deteriorates and the skin loses its fullness and sags.In later periods, there appear differences in bone structure as well.
Thinning, colour changes, wrinkles, saggyness, skin tumours, capillary veins becoming more distinct, dryness and and a dull look can be observed in the ageing skin.
There are two types of lines.
Dynamic lines are not really wrinkles.They are facial expression lines.They appear during frowning and laughing.They become permanent in time due to the skin losing its properties.These lines can be treated with botox in their early stages.
Static lines are the real wrinkles, and they are there even when your facial expression is natural. It is possible to fix these by filler injections and skin renewing methods.
The amount of collogen and elastin start to decrease after late 20’s.
When we are at our early 30’s we can see that the childhood is now in the past and the first signs of ageing appear.The brows are a bit lower, and the under eyes start looking puffy.The region of forehead, eye and mouth begin showing expression lines.There can a slight accumilation fat on the neck.
In 40’s, the cheeks collapse due to collegen and fat tissue deterioration in addition to the changes which happen during 30’s, the elasticity is decreased.Wrinkles appear around the eyes and the mouth.The sides of the mouth begins sagging.Spots, capillary vein swelling and dryness begin appearing on the skin.Pores are enlarged.
When you are in your 50’s the situation becomes more severe.Sagging related to collogen loss increases and the wrinkles are deepened.Breakdown in bone structure also occurs.
Cosmetic interventions of latest years can significantly reverse these effects of ageing.