THE BIGGEST ORGAN OF THE HUMAN BODY: THE SKIN
The skin is the biggest organ of the human body; it regulates body temperature, adjusts liquid balance, protects the body from environmental effects and has a part in the immune processes and possess metabolic functions. Skin diseases are at an increase in recent years due to changing life conditions, modern living and changing environmental conditions.
Skin is the Reflection of Body Health
All diseases are treated carefully in cooperation with expert academic staff through individually decided methods specific to the patient at the Dr. Suat Günsel University of Kyrenia Hospital. In our society, almost everybody has one or more skin diseases. Many people do not consider their own skin changes to be diseases, however skin diseases are very serious. For example disorders such as acne, itching and moles are considered as normal by people and do not urge them to seek medical attention. In fact, most skin diseases (especially acne) can leave permanent marks if not treated or the itching might be a sign of another severe internal disease. Like in skin cancers, some skin diseases can lead to death if they are not diagnosed early. Therefore, the examinations performed by Dermatologic Specialists are important both in terms of skin and overall health.
In order to find the causes of skin diseases such as Atopic Eczema, Contact Eczema, Urticaria (Hives), understanding whether they are internal or external as the first step, is important in terms of preventing them from becoming chronic or recurring.
Dr. Suat Günsel University of Kyrenia Hospital Dermatology
Dr. Suat Günsel University of Kyrenia Hospital Dermatology Clinic, any diagnostic and treatment procedure from dermatoscopy to cryotherapy, electrocauterization, and cosmetic procedures, allergic skin tests, fungus tests and dermatologic surgery including Botox, filling, facelift with thread, radiofrequency, mesotherapy, PRP, chemical peeling and mole removal, can be performed by the experienced and academic staff using the latest technology devices. Advanced diagnostic methods are used in cooperation with many units such as the sophisticated pathology and genetic laboratories of the hospital.
General Dermatology Polyclinic Services
- Skin infections (fungal diseases, warts, boils)
- Allergic skin diseases (atopic eczema, contact eczema, cosmetics allergy)
- External factor skin diseases (surface burns, freezes, bug bites)
- Drug reactions
- Urticaria (Hives)
- Psoriasis (Cutaneous disease)
- Bullous skin diseases
- Pigmentation disorders (Vitiligo, spots)
- Behcet Disease
- Skin tumours and cancers
- Sebaceous Gland diseases (acne, flaking of scalp)
- Hair diseases
- Nail diseases
- Extreme sweating
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Congenital and genetic skin diseases
- Autoimmune skin diseases
- Wound healing and care
- Nevus (mole)
- Sun related diseases
- Skin aging and treatments
Diagnosis, treatment and follow-up is available for aforementioned common skin diseases.
Dermotocosmetic applications such as small surgical procedures, tests for determining cause of allergy, fungal investigation, pathergy test, skin and mucosal biopsies, electrocautorisation, cryotherapy, intralesional drug applications, medical laser applications, chemical peeling applications, Botox and PRP.
Nevus (mole monitoring): Nowadays, lenses with advanced optic features are used for Nevus monitoring and evaluation. For that reason, Fotofinder device is used in our clinic for digital dermoscopy and entire body mole mapping.
Inpatient Ward: There are one person rooms with bathrooms for our patients who need to stay overnight for their treatments. Our patients are under nurse supervision 24 hours during their treatments. Thus the medical dressing is easily done by the expert staff and the patient care is achieved.
Skin Diseases can leave Permanent Scars
The most common dermatological problems are acne, itching problems of the skin (urticaria, pruritus), eczemas, psoriasis disease, bacterial - viral - fungal - parasitic and sexually transmitted diseases infections of the skin, oral diseases (aphtous ulcers, tongue diseases), hair diseases, nail diseases (ingrown nail, defects in colour and shape), pigmentation related diseases (vitiligo, spots, freckles), calluses, warts, moles, and benign and malignant skin tumours. After skin cancer, the important skin diseases such as fungi, acne, allergic eczema, moles are treated at Dr. Suat Gunsel University of Kyrenia Hospital by the Dermatology Department specialist in a way that will result in the least amount of scarring.
Skin Cancer is a Serious Risk for Patients
Early diagnosis and treatment is extremely important for one of the most serious skin diseases; skin cancer. Examinations, diagnosis and treatments of the patients are done by admitting them to the hospital if necessary. In addition, skin biopsies, electrocautery applications, cryotherapy applications, intralesional injections, allergy tests (patch and prick tests), chemical peeling (skin peeling), roller (micro-needling) application, Botox filler, mesotherapy, PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) applications are performed at Dr. Suat Günsel University of Kyrenia Hospital Dermatology Department.
How Well Do We Know About Skin Diseases?
- Atopic Eczema
The word “Atopic” is the extreme sensitivity of skin and respiratory passages (nose and lungs). This term is generally used for people with diseases such as hay fever and asthma. Atopic Eczema can be experienced at any age. It is more common amongst babies. The symptoms appear as redness and flaking during infancy. For adults it can appear anywhere on the body including the inner surfaces of the arms and legs. Atopic Eczema is not contagious. A dermatology specialist must be consulted for the treatment. Triggering factors must be avoided. It can be recurring despite having a chance to fade or disappear.
- The skin must never be dry and must always be moisturised. A short warm bath and moisturiser must be used.
- Any irritant substances must be avoided. (Soap, detergent, perfume, wool etc. can irritate the skin).
- Be cautious not to sweat extremely and avoid very hot settings.
- The affected areas must not be scratched and the nails should be kept short.
- Using synthetic or woolly clothes are not recommended.
- If an allergy is detected, it must be avoided.
- Acne Vulgaris
Acne is the long term and recurring inflammation of the hair and the wen. It is common around the face, back, chest and shoulders. It is most common during puberty. It does not point to any hormonal disorders despite being common during puberty when the hormonal levels are fluctuating unless suggested by a doctor. Stress, excessive sweating, cosmetics and chemical substances all affect acne. It is not contagious.
The acne must not be touched, squeezed or plucked. Otherwise, it might cause a new acne to appear, leave a mark or be infected.
Acne requires treatment over a long period, under the supervision of a doctor. The patient needs to trust their doctor, regularly use medication and continue with their follow-ups.
- Telogen Effluvium (Hair loss) and Alopecia (Baldness)
It is the loss of more than 100 hair strands within 24 hours. It occurs around the ages of 20-30 for men and 30-40 for women. Hair loss can be prevented if the treatment starts early.
There are generally 3 types of hair loss.
- Common hair loss; 1-2 months after birth, stress, surgery and diseases with high temperature there might be a temporary increase in hair loss. Apart from that, endocrinology diseases might result in hair loss as well.
- Regional spotless shedding may occur in some skin diseases and surface fungal infections.
- Regional shedding that leaves spots may occur due to immune system diseases, skin diseases or hereditary diseases as well as tumours.
- Urticaria (Hives)
Also known as “Hives” among the public, this disease is generally widespread all over the body, with minor swelling, distinct borders, various sizes, redness, sometimes pale in the middle.
It is not a life risk if it is localised to the skin. However, if the oedema occurs underneath the skin, tongue, lips and bronchial tube, it may be life threatening.
Urticaria frequently occurs due to;
- Food (many such as egg, fish)
- House dust and animal fur
- Bug bites,
- Immune system (autoimmune) diseases.
For treatment of Urticaria, it is recommended to consult a doctor primarily. Must be cautious about medicine use and consumption of crustacean food, fish, eggs etc. Use of unnecessary drug use should be avoided.
- Lichen Planus
Lichen Planus is a common itchy skin disease. Stress is the primary factor of the disease. In addition, hepatitis B, hepatitis c and liver disease are factors in the advancement of Lichen Planus.
Some drugs and stress may contribute to the advancement of the disease as well.
Disease related flaking may appear as a result of itching. Worst of the flaking occurs on wrists and ankles. These flaking’s are small but they form bigger formations by merging. It can be present in the mouth and on male or female genitalia.
- Fungus Disease
Fungus disease is contagious and is caused by yeast and mold fungi. In daily life, most ideal reproduction setting for yeast and mold fungi, expect for human body, is warm and humid areas. Therefore it frequently occurs on the groin, between the toes, face, inside the mouth, nails, scalp and genitalia. It can infect through mutually used public areas such as hats, towels, caps, hotel carpets, gyms, bathrooms and bath houses. It can spread from human to human or from animal to human if in close contact. It is treatable with the right medicine. However, if the right precautions are not taken, it can repeat. Furthermore, if the hand and toe nails are infected with fungi, they should not be removed and the person should consult a doctor.
To be safe from fungus; personal belongings must not be shared with others. The body needs to be kept dry. Since every person is different, it is hard to say who is more susceptible to which type of fungus, therefore the precaution steps are different for each person. For example, the children are more susceptible to scalp fungus due to its chemical structure while the adults do not have scalp fungus.
- Pityriasis Rosea (Rose Disease)
It is one of the diseases that occurs commonly on the skin and is known as the “rose disease” by the public. Pityriasis Rosea does not have a certain cause however, it is thought to be related to an oversensitivity towards viruses. It first starts as round, dandruff and flaky skin and smaller pieces are produced every 5-15 days. It is not food related. The disease heals within 2-3 months.
- Herpes Simplex (Cold Sore)
It occurs as the result of a viral infection. It is most common on and around the lips. It can spread by direct contact with the sore or by sharing household items. This way, the virus not only can spread around the mouth but also from the eyes, genitals or any area on the body where its integrity is disrupted. Following the first infection, the sore resides in the nerves around that area and prepares an ideal ground for the sore to reoccur.
White spots occurring on the skin is called vitiligo. If vitiligo is detected on the body, a consultation with a doctor must be sought. Vitiligo does not have a basic or a proven cause, it occurs when the pigments which provide colour to the body disappear for no reason. A dermatology specialist must be consulted for the treatment of vitiligo.
- Behcet Disease
Behcet disease is a disease which in addition to causing scarring in the mouth and around the genitals, spreads to all the organs and tissues of the body especially the skin, eyes, joints, and blood vessels and its cause is not certain.
In advanced stages of the disease, it affects the joints, blood vessels and the nervous system. The doctors decides on the treatment to be applied. It is important to be monitored by a doctor as this disease can cause occasional attacks.
- Lepra (Leprosy)
It is a chronic infection disease that affects the skin and the nerves as symptoms. If the patients with leprosy are diagnosed late or treated incorrectly, permanent disabilities might occur. Over the course, various treatment methods are applied.
Excluding many duties and functions of the skin, it also is an aesthetic organ for society which defines the authenticity of the person by its clarity and smoothness. These features of the skin are important for a person to have high self-respect and confidence.
Dr. Suat Günsel University of Kyrenia Hospital Department of Dermatology, the entire staff of specialists work with great care in order to give the patients the skin they desire, to solve skin problems and to ensure no marks are left by any diseases.
Our skin is an organ which covers us from the outside and we need to be extra careful for it not to be affected by the environment and the external negativity, and we should never delay the treatments of skin diseases.